Xenos: The Neanderthal Man

We, humans, are the only "intelligent" species on the planet. We do treat other animals unfairly. It seems like we have this monopoly over the planet and its resources that we don't tend to share with our fellow earthlings. Sometimes I like to think about other possible scenarios that could have been. What if it was not like this? What if the Neanderthals had survived? 

We left our native land of Africa around 50000 years ago. Not to mention we spread like wildfire all over the glove. Neanderthals, our closest cousins, had left the native land 230000 yearsago. They settled in Europe, Middle East and central Asia. They survived until, well, we reached there. We were quite same, yet quite different. That pretty much would have been like Bonobos meeting Chimpanzees. Man, the Homo sapiens and homo Neanderthals shared 99.7% of the DNA. We are from the same genus: meaning we are the descendant of same species Hominins (the great ape). 

Fun fact: The name Neanderthals was given t…


There is something about the German language that makes it stand out amongst the other languages. It has some words that express our feelings and ideas so perfectly; so much so, it seems that there is a lexical gap in the other languages. Some German words just cannot be quite translated by just another word. One such word is Weltschmerz. 

Weltschmerz comes from German Welt “world” and Schmerz “pain”. It means a universal pain, world-weariness, or melancholia about the state of the world. It is the sadness that is not because of some issue, but a feeling of depression because of existence itself. It is the feeling in which one realizes that the reality of world cannot fulfill the desire of one's heart. This term was coined by a romantic German author Jean Paul aka Johann Paul Friedrich Richter. 
The contemporary meaning of Weltschmerz is the psychological distress of realizing that our frailties are the product of social, physical and circumstantial states of the world. The feeling …

The Virtue Of Respect

The thing about virtue is that it is not objective. It is a factor of culture and era, perse the year referring to or under consideration. If it was the 1500s the morality would vary from what it is in 2017. Across the globe, the virtues that people believe in changes. However, in the current age of globalism, the virtue of humans is approaching a saturation point. We more or less have the same kind of morals in society, nowadays. It is not quite a lot segregated as people believe it to be, at least for the younger people. The internet age is helping in ideas come together and irate into an optimal moral code. On a second thought, the current polarity the world makes me think, umm maybe not. Maybe we are more divided than ever. 
Growing up I was often told to, respect my elders. So I obliged and paid my "due" regard to people who were older than me. As a grown up now, I found myself questioning should respect be granted based on age? Respect: a feeling of deep admiration for …

Ukulele Covers

Growing up I had a guitar, but I didn't know how to play it. However, I sure posed with it for pictures. I always wanted to learn to play. A few months before, I stumbled on an online search for music theory out of curiosity. One thing leads to another, I found myself learning more and more about Ukulele.

After a few days, I got myself a Uke. I had done enough research to theoretically know how to play it. However, finding one in my hand made me realize the value of practice. My grandpa always said "Practice makes a man perfect" to make me practice more in maths. I, in my mind, always had an excuse to that. I am not a man! ha! Nevertheless, I got the gist of it.

Since I started playing it I notice I was getting better. I am still learning ... I am not as good as Tyler Joseph, but I can strum a bit. I can pretty much play a few songs on it. Here are a few of my covers

A post shared by Karnika Kapoor (@karnikakapoor) on Mar 25, 2017 at 10:15am PDT A post shared by Karnika Kapo…

Train Of Thoughts

Welcome aboard!

This train of thoughts is brought to you by my brain, with a little coordination with my fingers. I wrote the prequel to this post, last year, for the post on "T". It is the alphabet that reminds me of the newspapers. If you haven't already, read the last year's post here. Old passengers to my train of thought must be thinking "So is this a yearly thing now?" NO, it's just a thing! I am not making a yearly commitment. I can't even commit to having a certain breakfast next morning! Basically, it's just the idea of not having a choice and being stuck with oatmeal that scares me. No kidding, even one of my frequent scary dream is all about, my college's mess breakfast making a dramatic entry back in my life! Back in college, I simply skipped the meals to break out of that routine...
I took a break after writing that one part because typing is exhausting. Especially, if you are an entitled and short-attention-spanned millennial. On…

Simulation Hypothesis

Are we living in a simulation?  

Anyone who has watched The Matrix may have an idea of what is the Matrix in the movie. It is a computer simulation of the reality. So the instantaneous answer to the above question for most of us would be; "Bah humbug! We are not living in a computer simulation”. What if I tell you we might be living in one? In fact, Elon Musk, himself said there are one in billion chances of us not living in a simulation. 
In 2003 Nick Bostrom from the Oxford University published papers citing a thought experiment. The experiment has the same advantage as an argument as religion does, it is unfalsifiable. Pretty much like solipsism, I wrote about Solipsism for my A to Z challenge's post last year read it here.  In his papers, Bostrom puts forward the three arguments and argues that at least one of them is true. You can read Boston's proposition in details here
The human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a “posthuman” stage; Any posthuman…

Relativity: The Light's Side Of The Story

When we look at pole star, it draws awe about the fact that the light from pole star took a span of 433.8 light years to reach us.  It seems so ancient. Our lifespans seem quite insignificant compared to the vastness of the universe.

I like to think about what earth was like when the light that I see tonight left its place of origin. For the pole star, It was roughly when Columbus discovered America. It is nice to see things from different perspective. For this post, I have decided to think about the journey of a photon that I see tonight when I look at the pole star. Our earth-bound instinctive thinking may say 433.8 light years that bust has been an awful long boring journey. Actually, it was not long for the photon. In fact, it was instantaneous. Because, Drumroll Please, Relativity! Let me explain.

We often hear the speed of light is always, well! The speed of light! that equals to 3 X10^8 meters per second. At this point, I am holding in my urges to mock America for its choice of u…